The IOSA is a tripartite agreement between ARTC, the access holder and a train operator, which defines the conditions under which ARTC will grant access to the train operator. The train operator receives furrows on the network through the access contract of the access holder. ARTC will also publish information other than information requested by the company, which it believes will provide additional guidance for access applicants. On March 2, 2018, ARTC introduced a replacement obligation for the intergovernmental rail network. This commitment is intended to replace the commitment made by ARTC in 2008, which expires on August 31, 2018. The access company covers the access conditions of parties wishing to stretch trains on the standard track track, which is owned by ARTC or leased by ARTC. For more information on track access agreements, see Track Access Agreements Australia or Track Access and Haulage Agreements. For access type companies, line type agreements, access laws and rules, and railway access information provided by the various Australian economic supervisory authorities, see below: The model contract was developed for a rail network primarily used for the rail transport of export coals from export mines to a port. It was developed in accordance with the Australian state`s rail regulations, which provide for an open access regime and a priority for passengers.
The access owner agreement and the operator sub-agreement together form the basis on which ARTC provides access to the rail network. On June 8, 2007, ARTC submitted an application to the ACCC for evaluation, which is granted on the basis of access to the tracks. When a service is "declared" by the regulator, the infrastructure manager is required to negotiate access terms with any access requester. These negotiations are based on standard access agreements or key features of these agreements, as defined in the respective access commitments. If the parties fail to reach an agreement, one of the parties may refer the matter to the regulator who makes the final decision on the terms of access ("negotiation arbitration model").