Cart

    Danzig Agreement

    In any case, the two governments will resolve this issue through a friendly agreement. However, there were secret elements in the agreement. The two countries agree to help each other in the event of a war against Poland. What was decisive was that it gave Hitler the freedom to invade Poland without having to deal with the Soviet Union. Poland became the playground for Tsar Peter the Great, and in 1734 Gdansk was besieged by the Russian army. At the siege, the village of Gdynia was burned to the foundations and Sopot was severely damaged. In 1772, Austria, Prussia and Russia imposed the first division of Poland and the entire territory became part of Prussia. Gdansk, now Gdansk, lost its trade routes and fell into disrepair. A Prussian-Russian agreement on the second division of Poland was concluded in 1793.

    In 1795, Austria, Prussia and Russia imposed a third division of Poland that ended Poland`s independence for more than a century and completely wiped the country off the map. On August 23, 1939, Hitler and Stalin signed a non-aggression pact, the Molotov-Ribbentrop Treaty. The treaty`s secret protocols defined the territorial spheres of influence that Germany and Russia would have after a successful attack on Poland. Under the agreement, Russia would have control of Latvia, Estonia and Finland, while Germany would take control of Lithuania and Gdansk. Poland would be divided into three large territories. The area of Warthland, bordering Germany, would be fully connected to the German Empire and all non-German inhabitants would be moved eastward. More than 77,000 square miles of countries in eastern Poland, with a population of more than thirteen million, would become Russian territory. The central territory was to become a German protectorate, called governor general and governed by a German civil authority.

    In August, Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union signed a non-aggression pact. It was a promise not to fight each other. Joachim von Ribbentrop, the German foreign minister, went to Moscow with all his authority to negotiate a deal. The agreement publicly declared that there would be no aggression for ten years and concluded economic agreements. In June 1941, Hitler broke the Molotov-Ribbentrop Agreement, which Poland had divided between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union since September 1939, and invaded eastern Poland. The Nazis made Poland their first land. Six million Poles, including three million Jews, were killed. Although most of the pre-war Jewish population of the Free City of Gdansk managed to escape in time to avoid the Holocaust, much of the city`s Polish intelligence was gathered and murdered in the nearby pre-war camp of Stutthoff. With the outbreak of war, Gdynia quickly became the 6th largest city in Poland with a population of over 120,000 people. From 1 to 19 September there was a heroic defense of the city, but eventually Nazi Germany occupied Gdynia, integrated it into the German Empire, renamed it Gotenhafen and expelled the local population. In 1953, Gdynia was linked to Gdynia through the SKM, while in 1955 the Warsaw Pact was created with Poland as a member. It was in 1961 that the first Sopot International Song Festival took place, a festival that became a huge television event in the countries of the Soviet bloc.

    Today, a bustling city, known locally as Trójmiasto (Tri-City), each has its own specific history. While settlement in the Gdansk region dates back to the seventh century, when it was a small group of fishing villages, Sopot was turned into a spa resort for millennia. . . .

    Comments are closed.

    +